The Latest on the Canadian ELD Mandate

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Who’s affected

In addition to the over 157,400 commercial drivers who are federally regulated in Canada, the new mandate will also affect the 20 to 30% of U.S. fleets that cross the border. The Canadian ELD rule closely mirrors the U.S. ELD rule. However, just because your fleet is ELD certified in the U.S. doesn’t mean it will be in Canada.

What you need to know

  • The mandate will take effect on June 12, 2021. All fleets subject to the Canadian ELD mandate need to be fully compliant by this date.
    • Between now and then is a testing period. Canadian authorities will test and certify ELD systems, and commercial fleets have time to install the new systems in all of their commercial motor vehicles (CMV).
  • The Canadian mandate does not grandfather fleets with AOBRD.
    • If your AOBRD devices are not capable of converting to ELD, consider switching telematics providers.
  • As required by Transport Canada, each Canadian ELD system must be certified by a third-party, accredited certification body. Although there are currently no certified providers under the mandate, potential Canadian ELD providers should be aware of this requirement.
    • Providers will not begin to be certified until the CCMTA has completed the year-long development of a certification process.
  • Four major exemptions are allowed in the Canadian ELD rule.
    • Any CMV that operates with an hours-of-service permit, as issued in compliance with the regulations by a director
    • Any CMV that operates under a statutory exemption
    • Any CMV party to a rental agreement shorter than 30 days (compared to the U.S. mandate exemption of 8 days)
    • Any CMV manufactured before January 1, 2000

What if the ELD breaks

Drivers can use paper logs for up to 14 days while the ELD is under maintenance. The U.S. allows paper logs for 8 days. Faulty ELDs must be fixed or replaced before the CMV and ELD begin a new trip.

How the mandate will be enforced

Due to technological infrastructure limitations, the Canadian mandate cannot require driver-to-enforcement data transfers. Instead, ELDs must allow for review via display or printouts. Inspectors can also ask for logs to be emailed to an address they provide.

Ensure drivers have a list of documents to provide law enforcement when crossing the border, including proof of third-party certification or proof of exemption.

Key differences between the Canadian ELD mandate and U.S. ELD mandate

  • The ELD must monitor the data it receives from the engine control module (ECM) or alternative sources, then establish a link to the engine ECM, within 60 seconds of the need. The U.S. rule is 5 seconds.
  • The ELD must provide the means for a driver to indicate the beginning and end of a period when the driver may use the CMV for authorized personal use or performing yard moves.
  • The ELD must provide the means for a driver to indicate deferral of daily Off-duty time to the following 24-hour period.
  • The ELD must provide the means to indicate a cycle change.

HoS Limitation Notifications

  • When a CMV is authorized for personal use, the ELD must alert the driver if the 24-hour cumulative distance driven has exceeded what HoS regulations permit.
  • The ELD must alert the drivers at least 30 minutes before the driver exceeds duty- or driving-hour limitations under HoS regulations.
  • The ELD must tell the driver which specific limit is about to be exceeded: work shift or cycle.

View more about the Canadian ELD Mandate on Fleetwarrior. The complete mandate is available on the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administrators (CCMTA) website

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